関東大震災で溶けた硬貨
Coins that Melted in a Fire Caused by the Great Kanto Earthquake

関東大震災で溶けた硬貨 / Coins that Melted in a Fire Caused by the Great Kanto Earthquake  image
画像拡大
資料番号/Collection ID
21000198
大分類/Category
生活民俗 / Lifestyle and Folk Custom
小分類/Sub Category
事件災害
種別/Type
震災
年代
Creation Date
大正期 大正12年9月1日 1923 20世紀
員数/Number
3点一括
解説/Description
1923(大正12)年9月1日に発生した関東大震災は、時刻が昼時、折しも関東地方では強風が吹いていたため、震災後の火災が非常に激しいものとなった。
震災当日、寄贈者の祖父は成田山詣でに出かけており、東京に残る家族とは離れ離れとなってしまう。しかし、翌日上野公園で偶然にも家族と再会出来た。鎮火後、焼失した自宅の蔵の跡から唯一発見されたのが本資料であった。
被災前、硬貨は木製の箱に入っていたようで、釘や蝶番のような金属が融解して硬貨と一体化し、そこに炭化した木片が付着している。震災による火災の激しさを、雄弁に物語る資料である。
The Great Kanto Earthquake, which ocurred around noon on September 1st, 1923 (Taish? 12), caused extremely severe fires instigated by strong winds that happened to be blowing in the Kant? Region at the time.
On that day, the donor's grandfather who was paying a vist to Naritasan, became separted from his family in Tokyo. Fortunately, he was able to reunite with his family by coincidence at Ueno Park the following day. After the fire ceased, he found the coins from the storehouse of his burnt down house. The coins were the only items he was able to retrieve.
Before the earthquake ocurred, the coins were kept in a wooden box. Metals which are thought to be nails and hinges on the box also melted, fusing together with the coins. We can also see charred wood on the melted metals. The item itself speaks of the severity of the fires caused by the earthquake.